The Royal Family of Nepal had a long and complex history, but as of my last knowledge update in January 2022, Nepal transitioned into a federal democratic republic in 2008, effectively abolishing the monarchy. The Shah dynasty, which had ruled Nepal for centuries, was dethroned, and King Gyanendra was the last reigning monarch.
I can provide you with some information about the royal family and their history before the abolition of the monarchy:
- Shah Dynasty: The Shah dynasty was the ruling royal family in Nepal for many generations. The dynasty’s founder, Prithvi Narayan Shah, is often credited with unifying the various kingdoms and principalities of Nepal into a single nation in the 18th century.
- King Gyanendra: King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the last reigning monarch of Nepal. He ascended to the throne for the second time in 2001 after a royal palace massacre, but his rule was controversial, and it was marked by political turmoil and protests.
- Shah Kings: Nepal had several Shah kings, including King Tribhuvan, King Mahendra, and King Birendra. King Birendra and most of his family members were tragically assassinated in the Royal Palace Massacre of 2001.
- The Royal Palace Massacre: On June 1, 2001, a massacre occurred in the Narayanhiti Royal Palace, where King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya, and several other members of the royal family were killed. The incident had a profound impact on the future of the monarchy.
- Abolition of the Monarchy: Following the massacre and the subsequent political developments, Nepal transitioned into a federal democratic republic in 2008, with the monarchy being abolished. The last king, Gyanendra, was stripped of his powers and privileges.
Since the abolition of the monarchy, Nepal has been a federal democratic republic with a President as the head of state. The country’s political landscape and governance structures have changed significantly. Please note that developments may have occurred since my last update in January 2022, and I recommend checking more recent sources for the latest information on Nepal’s political situation.